South America

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South America

Produced by like minded partner organizations, these evidence based policy articles and reports focus on the geographical region of South America.

This table contains the entire repository of data and resources that the Better Evidence Project has collected and curated for Asia. To find resources you are interested in, simply use the search box on the top right of the table and search based on any parameters that you are interested in: Country name, Keywords, Type of Resource, Authors, etc. The table will automatically populate as you search.  You can expand the number of entries you’d like to see by toggling the show entries box (top left of the table) and selecting the number you’d like to see. 

To help narrow your search by keywords, please refer to this post that features a running list of keywords in use in the repository.

Resource Library

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TitleAuthorsSubject KeywordsAbstractLinkCountry Name
Preventing an interstate conflict between Colombia, Ecuador, and VenezuelaElliot ShortDiplomacyA war between Colombia and Ecuador, which was likely to have drawn in Venezuela as well, was avoided with the help of a diplomatic intervention from the Organisation of American States and the Rio Group.https://bep.carterschool.gmu.edu/preventing-interstate-conflict-between-colombia-and-ecuador-and-venezuela/Ecuador
Enhancing Peacekeeping Training Through Cooperation: Lessons from Latin AmericaIgarapé Instituteeffectiveness, peacekeeping, cooperation, inclusive, There is growing recognition at the UN and among member states that peacekeeping must be made more effective, especially in face of major budget cuts and wavering leadership by traditional actors. Against this backdrop, how can member states improve the quality of pre-deployment and mission preparation for UN peacekeeping? This policy brief focuses on one area in which innovation has become more urgent than ever: enhancing the effectiveness of peacekeeping through better training. More specifically, we analyze the emerging configurations, innovations, and challenges of international cooperation for peacekeeping training centers (PTCs), drawing on the case of Latin America.https://igarape.org.br/en/enhancing-peacekeeping-training-through-cooperation/Chile
Enhancing Peacekeeping Training Through Cooperation: Lessons from Latin AmericaIgarapé Instituteeffectiveness, peacekeeping, cooperation, inclusive, There is growing recognition at the UN and among member states that peacekeeping must be made more effective, especially in face of major budget cuts and wavering leadership by traditional actors. Against this backdrop, how can member states improve the quality of pre-deployment and mission preparation for UN peacekeeping? This policy brief focuses on one area in which innovation has become more urgent than ever: enhancing the effectiveness of peacekeeping through better training. More specifically, we analyze the emerging configurations, innovations, and challenges of international cooperation for peacekeeping training centers (PTCs), drawing on the case of Latin America.https://igarape.org.br/en/enhancing-peacekeeping-training-through-cooperation/Argentina
Mitigating The Impact Of Armed Conflict In ColombiaElliot ShortHuman Rights, Problem-Solving Workshop, Locally-led Peacemaking Initiatives
Peace communities created by local people caught in the crossfire during the armed conflict in Colombia (and accompanied by Peace Brigades International since 1997) have helped to mitigate the impact of the fighting on civilians.https://bep.carterschool.gmu.edu/mitigating-the-impact-of-armed-conflict-in-colombia/Colombia
People’s Perceptions of Peace Accord Implementation in Colombia: Comparing Attitudes among the Conflict-Affected PopulationHelga Malmin BinningsbøPeace Agreement, Inclusive Peacebuilding, Design, Monitoring and Evaluation (DM&E)
​November 2021 marked the fifth year of the 15-year implementation period of the Colombian peace accord. The ambitious accord aims to end violence, reduce poverty, and increase the well-being of the rural population through the establishment of 16 regions targeted for peace accord implementation (Programas de Desarrollo con Enfoque Territorial, PDETs). To succeed, peacebuilding in Colombia must bring tangible benefits to the people in the PDETs and ensure their continued support. This policy brief presents preliminary results from two survey waves of 12,000 respondents in the PDETs, examining whether the most conflict-affected populations think the implementation of the accord is achieving its aims.
https://www.prio.org/publications/12879Colombia
Resolving The Militarised Territorial Dispute Between Ecuador And PeruElliot ShortDiplomacy, Mediation, Peace Processes: ImplementationA return to armed conflict on the volatile border was prevented and the territorial dispute that had caused so many wars over the centuries was resolved.https://bep.carterschool.gmu.edu/resolving-the-militarised-territorial-dispute-between-ecuador-and-peru/Ecuador, Peru
Preventing an interstate conflict between Colombia, Ecuador, and VenezuelaElliot ShortDiplomacyA war between Colombia and Ecuador, which was likely to have drawn in Venezuela as well, was avoided with the help of a diplomatic intervention from the Organisation of American States and the Rio Group.https://bep.carterschool.gmu.edu/preventing-interstate-conflict-between-colombia-and-ecuador-and-venezuela/Venezuela
Preventing an interstate conflict between Colombia, Ecuador, and VenezuelaElliot ShortDiplomacyA war between Colombia and Ecuador, which was likely to have drawn in Venezuela as well, was avoided with the help of a diplomatic intervention from the Organisation of American States and the Rio Group.https://bep.carterschool.gmu.edu/preventing-interstate-conflict-between-colombia-and-ecuador-and-venezuela/Colombia
Preventing Armed Conflict In GuyanaElliot ShortDialogue, Violence Prevention, Monitoring/Verification: Regional Organization
The UN Social Cohesion Program and the deployment of international observers from a range of intergovernmental organisations helped to ensure that the 2006 elections in Guyana did not spark an armed conflict.https://bep.carterschool.gmu.edu/preventing-armed-conflict-in-guyana/Guyana
Ending The Interstate Conflict Between Ecuador And PeruElliot ShortDiplomacy: Track 1, Peace Processes: Implementation, Monitoring/Verification: Regional OrganizationThe mediation of four regional governments (the Guarantors of the Rio De Janeiro Protocol) led by Brazil ended the interstate conflict between Ecuador and Peru in 1995 after just over one month of fighting.https://bep.carterschool.gmu.edu/ending-the-interstate-conflict-between-ecuador-and-peru/Peru
Ending the Armed Conflict in ColombiaElliot ShortDiplomacy, MediationThe armed conflict in Colombia was finally ended after 52 years by the signing of a peace agreement during negotiations mediated by a host of national governments and intergovernmental organisations.https://bep.carterschool.gmu.edu/ending-the-armed-conflict-in-colombia/Colombia
Ending The Armed Conflict In SurinameElliot ShortGovernance: Reforms, Demobilization, Disarmament, Reintegration (DDR), Monitoring/Verification: Regional OrganizationThe mediation of a peace agreement and the deployment of a monitoring mission to verify implementation of its terms by the Organisation of American States ended the armed conflict in Suriname.https://bep.carterschool.gmu.edu/ending-the-armed-conflict-in-suriname/Suriname
Enhancing Peacekeeping Training Through Cooperation: Lessons from Latin AmericaIgarapé Instituteeffectiveness, peacekeeping, cooperation, inclusive, There is growing recognition at the UN and among member states that peacekeeping must be made more effective, especially in face of major budget cuts and wavering leadership by traditional actors. Against this backdrop, how can member states improve the quality of pre-deployment and mission preparation for UN peacekeeping? This policy brief focuses on one area in which innovation has become more urgent than ever: enhancing the effectiveness of peacekeeping through better training. More specifically, we analyze the emerging configurations, innovations, and challenges of international cooperation for peacekeeping training centers (PTCs), drawing on the case of Latin America.https://igarape.org.br/en/enhancing-peacekeeping-training-through-cooperation/Bolivia
Ending The Interstate Conflict Between Ecuador And PeruElliot ShortDiplomacy: Track 1, Peace Processes: Implementation, Monitoring/Verification: Regional OrganizationThe mediation of four regional governments (the Guarantors of the Rio De Janeiro Protocol) led by Brazil ended the interstate conflict between Ecuador and Peru in 1995 after just over one month of fighting.https://bep.carterschool.gmu.edu/ending-the-interstate-conflict-between-ecuador-and-peru/Ecuador
Enhancing Peacekeeping Training Through Cooperation: Lessons from Latin AmericaIgarapé Instituteeffectiveness, peacekeeping, cooperation, inclusive, There is growing recognition at the UN and among member states that peacekeeping must be made more effective, especially in face of major budget cuts and wavering leadership by traditional actors. Against this backdrop, how can member states improve the quality of pre-deployment and mission preparation for UN peacekeeping? This policy brief focuses on one area in which innovation has become more urgent than ever: enhancing the effectiveness of peacekeeping through better training. More specifically, we analyze the emerging configurations, innovations, and challenges of international cooperation for peacekeeping training centers (PTCs), drawing on the case of Latin America.https://igarape.org.br/en/enhancing-peacekeeping-training-through-cooperation/Brazil
Ayesha Siddiqi, Katie Peters and Julia ZulverFragibility, Climate and Conflict, Rule of Law
Colombia is considered one of the most advanced countries in Latin America for disaster risk reduction (DRR). Decades of state engagement in large-scale disasters has generated a relatively mature legal and institutional framework governing disaster response and risk reduction. However, the country also has a long history of conflict, involving targeted killings, generalised violence, kidnapping and extortion.
As in many other parts of the world, Colombia’s current DRR policy and practice fail to take adequate account of the conflict situation. As a result, large numbers of conflict-displaced people (an estimated 15% of the country’s population is internally displaced) are highly vulnerable.
This case study sheds light on why disaster risk is so high in Colombia, and how disasters and conflict interact to increase vulnerability. In addition to exploring the current national institutional and policy frameworks for DRR, it includes a critical analysis of two recent disasters: a landslide in the Mocoa area in 2017 and the structural failure of a dam resulting in severe flooding of the Cauca River in 2018.
The findings highlight the complex and inherently political nature of DRR efforts in a context of conflict, protracted displacement and troubled state–society relations. The study highlights the need for an approach that goes beyond technocratic solutions; the reality that there are competing visions for DRR in conflict situations; and the fundamental necessity of rebuilding the social contract and recognising the rights and voices of affected citizens.
https://odi.org/en/publications/doble-afectacion-living-with-disasters-and-conflict-in-colombia/Colombia
Corporate Strategies to Assist Post-Conflict Peacebuilding in ColombiaAngelika Rettberg, Daniel Medina, Jason MiklianPrivate Sector and Peacebuilding, Economics and Conflict, Fragility​Colombia’s transition to a post-conflict country has brought security gains and economic benefits to many parts of the country. However, this transition has come amidst political polarization, state weakness, and continuing illicit economies. In this brief, we discuss how the private sector has reacted to this changing political and economic environment. We present lessons learned from our research, confirming that the “logic of the firm” takes different shapes in transition from conflict to peace. We recommend that policies to promote business participation in post-conflict peacebuilding should include the identification of specific business opportunities and potential markets in the regions and economic sectors considered most promising.
https://www.prio.org/publications/11205Colombia